薄板电阻计算器

SURAGUS层计算器能够计算出单层结构和双层结构的各种物理参数。

可计算的参数有:

SURAGUS开发和制造非接触式测量设备,能够测量薄膜上的片状电阻、电阻率、电导率和层厚。

该在线计算器是转换物理定律理论值来计算的,不保证其计算结果在实际情况中的正确性及对于某些具体条件下的适用性。当涉及到多层复杂结构时,我们也乐意与您分享一些针对常见特殊情况的进阶版理论与实践模型。关于此方面更多信息,欢迎使用联系表格与我们取得联系。

如果你想了解更多关于板材电阻的信息,请看这个页面。

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适用于以下情况:

  • 一个没有任何导电涂层的导电基材
  • 在不导电的基材上有一个导电层,没有任何其他导电涂层


???  = 
体积电阻率 ρ
层厚 t
???  = 
1
导电性 σ
 * 
层厚 t
???  = 
片材阻力 RS
 * 
层厚 t
???  = 
1
体积电阻率 ρ
???  = 
1
片材阻力 RS
 * 
层厚 t
???  = 
体积电阻率 ρ
片材阻力 RS
???  = 
1
片材阻力 RS
 * 
导电性 σ


Material
Type of material

Electrical Conductivity
[MS/m]

Electrical Resistivity
[µΩ·cm]

%IACS

Silver, Agbasic elements64.51611.55111.23
Aluminum, Albasic elements37.03702.7063.86
Arsenic, Asbasic elements2.173946.003.75
Gold, Aubasic elements45.45452.2078.37
Boron, Bbasic elements0.0000000153856,500,000,0000.00
Barium, Babasic elements2.000050.003.45
Beryllium, Bebasic elements23.25584.3040.10
Bismuth, Bibasic elements0.8928112.001.54
Calcium, Ca; Rolledbasic elements21.73914.6037.48
Calcium, Ca; Annealedbasic elements21.73914.6037.48
Cadmium, Cdbasic elements12.98707.7022.39
Cerium, Cebasic elements1.2820578.002.21
Cobalt, Cobasic elements16.02566.2427.63
Chromium, Cr; As-Swagedbasic elements7.692313.0013.26
Chromium, Cr; Recrystallizedbasic elements7.692313.0013.26
Chromium, Cr; Annealedbasic elements7.692313.0013.26
Cesium, Csbasic elements5.263219.009.07
Copper, Cu; Annealedbasic elements58.00131.72100.00
Copper, Cu; Cold-Workedbasic elements58.82351.70101.42
Copper, Cu; Cold Drawnbasic elements58.82351.70101.42
Dysprosium, Dybasic elements1.081192.501.86
Erbium, Erbasic elements1.176585.002.03
Europium, Eubasic elements1.098991.001.89
Iron, Febasic elements11.23608.9019.37
Gallium, Gabasic elements5.714317.509.85
Gadolinium, Gdbasic elements0.7634131.001.32
Germanium, Gebasic elements2.000050.003.45
Hafnium, Hf; Rodbasic elements2.816935.504.86
Hafnium, Hf; Platebasic elements2.816935.504.86
Hafnium, Hf; Stripbasic elements2.816935.504.86
Mercury, Hgbasic elements1.043895.801.80
Holmium, Hobasic elements1.228581.402.12
Indium, Inbasic elements11.90488.4020.53
Iridium, Ir; Cold-Drawnbasic elements21.27664.7036.68
Iridium, Ir; Annealedbasic elements21.27664.7036.68
Potassium, Kbasic elements13.88897.2023.95
Lanthanum, Labasic elements1.253179.802.16
Lithium, Libasic elements11.90488.4020.53
Lutetium, Lubasic elements1.265879.002.18
Magnesium, Mg; Sand Castbasic elements21.73914.6037.48
Magnesium, Mg; Extrudedbasic elements21.73914.6037.48
Magnesium, Mg; Hard-Rolled Sheetbasic elements21.73914.6037.48
Magnesium, Mg; Annealed Sheetbasic elements21.73914.6037.48
Manganese, Mnbasic elements0.6944144.001.20
Molybdenum, Mo, Annealedbasic elements17.54395.7030.25
Molybdenum, Mo, Stress Relievedbasic elements17.54395.7030.25
Molybdenum, Mo, Recrystallizedbasic elements17.54395.7030.25
Sodium, Nabasic elements20.96444.7736.14
Niobium, Nb (Columbium, Cb); Annealed Samplebasic elements6.622515.1011.42
Niobium, Nb (Columbium, Cb); Cold-Workedbasic elements6.622515.1011.42
Niobium, Nb (Columbium, Cb); Wroughtbasic elements6.622515.1011.42
Neodymium, Ndbasic elements1.555264.302.68
Nickel, Nibasic elements15.62506.4026.94
Neptunium, Npbasic elements0.6098164.001.05
Osmium, Os; Annealedbasic elements12.31538.1221.23
Osmium, Os; Cold-Workedbasic elements12.31538.1221.23
Osmium, Os; Arc-Meltedbasic elements12.31538.1221.23
Protactinium, Pabasic elements6.666715.0011.49
Lead, Pbbasic elements4.854420.608.37
Palladium, Pdbasic elements10.07059.9317.36
Praseodymium, Prbasic elements1.470668.002.54
Platinum, Pt, CP Grade, Annealedbasic elements9.434010.6016.27
Platinum, Pt, CP Grade, Hard Drawn - 50% Cold Workedbasic elements9.434010.6016.27
Platinum, Pt, Thermocouple Quality, Annealedbasic elements9.434010.6016.27
Plutonium, Pubasic elements0.6667150.001.15
Rubidium, Rbbasic elements7.8125 - 8.0012.50 - 12.800.00
Rhenium, Re; Annealedbasic elements5.181319.308.93
Rhenium, Re; Deformedbasic elements5.181319.308.93
Rhodium, Rh; Annealedbasic elements23.25584.3040.10
Rhodium, Rh; As-Platedbasic elements23.25584.3040.10
Rhodium, Rh; Hardenedbasic elements23.25584.3040.10
Ruthenium, Ru; Annealedbasic elements13.88897.2023.95
Ruthenium, Ru; Hot Rolled Barbasic elements13.88897.2023.95
Antimony, Sbbasic elements2.439041.004.21
Scandium, Scbasic elements1.964650.903.39
Selenium, Sebasic elements8.333312.0014.37
Silicon, Sibasic elements0.010010,000.000.02
Samarium, Smbasic elements0.9524105.001.64
Tin, Snbasic elements8.695711.5014.99
Strontium, Srbasic elements4.000025.006.90
Tantalum, Ta; Cold Workedbasic elements8.000012.5013.79
Tantalum, Ta; Annealedbasic elements8.000012.5013.79
Tantalum, UNS R05200basic elements8.064512.4013.90
Tantalum, UNS R05400basic elements8.064512.4013.90
Terbium, Tbbasic elements0.8772114.001.51
Technetium, Tc; As-Rolledbasic elements5.405418.509.32
Technetium, Tc; Annealedbasic elements5.405418.509.32
Tellurium, Tebasic elements0.6667150.001.15
Thorium, Thbasic elements7.692313.0013.26
Titanium, Tibasic elements1.805055.403.11
Thallium, Tlbasic elements6.666715.0011.49
Thulium, Tmbasic elements1.479367.602.55
Uranium, U; Castbasic elements3.333330.005.75
Uranium, U; Beta-Annealedbasic elements3.333330.005.75
Uranium, U; Wrought Alpha Phasebasic elements3.333330.005.75
Vanadium, V; Cold Rolledbasic elements4.032324.806.95
Vanadium, V; Vacuum Annealed Wirebasic elements4.032324.806.95
Vanadium, V; Hot Rolled Barbasic elements4.032324.806.95
Vanadium, V; Vacuum Annealed Sheetbasic elements4.032324.806.95
Vanadium, V; Cold Drawn Wirebasic elements4.032324.806.95
Tungsten, Wbasic elements17.69915.6530.52
Tungsten, W, (drawn wire)basic elements17.69915.6530.52
Yttrium, Ybasic elements1.754457.003.02
Yttrium, Y; Annealed Rodbasic elements1.754457.003.02
Ytterbium; Ybbasic elements3.448329.005.95
Zinc; Znbasic elements16.89195.9229.12
Zirconium; Zrbasic elements2.500040.004.31
AISI 1000 Series Steelconstruction materials5.5556 - 50.00002.00 - 18.000.00
AISI 4000 Series Steelconstruction materials3.8002 - 50.00002.00 - 26.300.00
AISI 5000 Series Steelconstruction materials4.3836 - 50.00002.00 - 22.800.00
AISI 6000 Series Steelconstruction materials4.273523.407.37
AISI 8000 Series Steelconstruction materials4.2735 - 50.00002.00 - 23.400.00
AISI 9000 Series Steelconstruction materials5.7471 - 50.00002.00 - 17.400.00
Low Alloy Steelconstruction materials0.7042 - 50.00002.00 - 142.000.00
Medium Alloy Steelconstruction materials1.5385 - 5.882417.00 - 65.000.00
Austeniticconstruction materials0.0133 - 13.51357.40 - 7,500.000.00
Low Carbon Steelconstruction materials3.3333 - 50.00002.00 - 30.000.00
Medium Carbon Steelconstruction materials0.7042 - 7.042214.20 - 142.000.00
High Carbon Steelconstruction materials3.3333 - 50.00002.00 - 30.000.00
Cast Ironconstruction materials0.7042 - 20.00005.00 - 142.000.00
Alloy Cast Ironconstruction materials0.00000090909 - 7.042314.20 - 110,000,0000.00
Stainless Steelconstruction materials0.6894 - 22.22224.50 - 145.000.00
Cold Work Steelconstruction materials1.5625 - 1.851954.00 - 64.000.00
Hot Work Steelconstruction materials1.6949 - 2.000050.00 - 59.000.00
Aluminum 2024-Oconstruction materials28.65333.4949.40
Aluminum 2024-T3construction materials17.18215.8229.62
Aluminum 2024-T361construction materials17.18215.8229.62
Aluminum 2024-T6construction materials22.27174.4938.40
Alluminum Alloyconstruction materials33.3333 - 37.03702.70 - 3.000.00
Beryllium Alloyconstruction materials1.1025 - 40.00002.50 - 90.700.00
Bismuth Alloyconstruction materials0.8929 - 2.941234.00 - 112.000.00
Cobalt Alloyconstruction materials0.7042 - 16.02566.24 - 142.000.00
Copper Alloyconstruction materials0.2041 - 59.88021.67 - 490.000.00
Brassconstruction materials3.5714 - 31.44653.18 - 28.000.00
Bronzeconstruction materials4.00 - 27.77783.60 - 25.000.00
Copper Casting Alloyalloys1.0438 - 53.47591.87 - 95.800.00
Wrought Copperalloys7.5188 - 59.17161.69 - 13.300.00
Indium Alloyalloys1.9231 - 13.88897.20 - 52.000.00
Lead Alloyalloys2.32558 - 7.142914.00 - 43.000.00
Magnesium Alloyalloys0.9091 - 21.73914.60 - 110.000.00
Molybdenum Alloyalloys4.5455 - 27.02703.70 - 22.000.00
Nickel Alloyalloys0.1449 - 20.40824.90 - 690.000.00
Niobium Alloyalloys6.2500 - 8.000012.50 - 16.000.00
Gold Alloyalloys2.7100 - 45.45452.20 - 36.900.00
Palladium Alloyalloys2.3256 - 10.07059.93 - 43.000.00
Platinum Alloyalloys1.5038 - 9.434010.60 - 66.500.00
Silver Alloyalloys0.1276 - 68.02721.47 - 784.000.00
Refractory Metalalloys3.4483 - 52.63161.90 - 29.000.00
Solder/Braze Alloyalloys0.1276 - 60.97561.64 - 784.000.00
Tin Alloyalloys2.9412 - 9.615410.40 - 34.000.00
Alpha/Beta Titanium Alloyalloys0.4878 - 1.087092.00 - 205.000.00
Destech Open-Celled Glassy Carbon Foamcarbon0.01258,000.000.02
Nanocyl NANOCYL™ NC1000 Single-Wall
Isolated and Bundled Carbon Nanotubes
carbon1.0000 - 10.000010.00 - 100.000.00
Nanocyl NANOCYL™ NC7000 Thin Multi-
Wall Carbon Nanotubes
carbon1.00 - 10.0010.00 - 100.000.00
Goodfellow Multi Wall Carbon Nanotube Powdercarbon1.0000100.001.72
Grolltex Large Area CVD Graphene Film on Si/SiO2,
150mm Diameter
carbon0.00001 - 0.00011,000,000 - 100,000,0000.00
Grolltex Large Area CVD Graphene Film on Si/SiO2,
200mm Diameter
carbon0.0000033333 - 0.000025,000,000 - 30,000,0000.00
Goodfellow Reduced Graphene Oxide (GO) Powdercarbon0.00066667150,000.000.00
Poco Graphite EDM-1 EDM Graphitecarbon0.05181,930.000.09
Graphite, Carboncarbon0.01676,000.000.03
UCAR Carbon UCAR® CBY Extruded Graphitecarbon0.1191840,000.000.00
Poco Graphite TM Industrial Grade Graphitecarbon0.08201,220.000.14
Zoltek™ PX35 Continuous Tow Carbon Fibercarbon0.06451550.000.11
Zoltek™ PX35 P/TW28-50 Woven Carbon Fiber Fabriccarbon0.06451550.000.11
SGL S001 EPY Staple Carbon Fiber, Epoxy Sizingcarbon0.06251600.000.11
Zoltek™ OX Staple Oxidized PAN Fibercarbon0.000000000000125800,000,000,000,0000.00
ABS/Polyester Alloypolymer0.00000000000000000001 - 0.00000000000000000011,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 - 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), Moldedpolymer0.0000000000000000000001 - 0.000000000011.00E+13 - 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Acrylic, General Purpose, Moldedpolymer0.000000000000000000001 - 0.0000000000000110,000,000,000,000,000 - 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Acrylic, Extrudedpolymer0.0000000000000000001 - 0.00000000000000011,000,000,000,000,000,000 - 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Epoxy Adhesivepolymer0.000000000000000000002 - 1.00100 - 50,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Polyetheretherketone, PEEK, Aramid Fiber Filledpolymer0.00000000000000000001 - 0.0000000110,000,000,000 - 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Polycarbonate, Moldedpolymer0.00000000000000000000005 - 0.00000000000011,000,000,000,000,000 - 200,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Polycarbonate, Extrudedpolymer0.0000000000000000000005 - 0.00000011,000,000,000 - 200,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Unreinforcedpolymer0.0000000000000000000001 - 0.000000000025,000,000,000,000 - 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Polyetherimide (PEI)polymer0.0000000000000000000001 - 0,0010100,000.00 - 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), Moldedpolymer0.00000000000000000001 - 0.00000000000000000011,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 - 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), Film Gradepolymer0.0000000000000000001 - 2.0000E-075.00E+08 - 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Medium Density Polyethylene (MDPE), Moldedpolymer0.00000000000000000011,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Medium Density Polyethylene (MDPE), Extrudedpolymer0.0000000000000000000033333 - 0.00000000000000000011,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 - 30,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Injection Moldedpolymer0.000000000000000000001 - 0.000000001100,000,000,000 - 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Extrudedpolymer0.000000000000000000000001 - 0.0000000110,000,000,000 - 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Pipe Gradepolymer0.000000000000000000001 - 0.000000001100,000,000,000 - 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Blow Molding Gradepolymer0.0000000000000000001 - 0.0000000110,000,000,000 - 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Glass fiber Filledpolymer0.00000000000000000001 - 0.00000011,000,000,000 - 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
MarkeTech Silicon Single Crystal Semiconductor Wafer,
p-type, Boron Doped,
semiconductors0.000002 - 0.00250,000 - 50,000,0000.00
MarkeTech Silicon Single Crystal Semiconductor Wafer,
n-type, Phosphorous Doped
semiconductors0.000004 - 0.00110,000.00 - 25,000.000.00
MarkeTech Silicon Single Crystal Semiconductor Wafer,
n-type, Antimony Doped
semiconductors0.005 - 0.01258,000.00 - 20,000.000.00
MarkeTech Silicon Single Crystal Semiconductor Wafer,
n-type, Arsenic Doped
semiconductors0.01437,000.000.02
MarkeTech Silicon Single Crystal Semiconductor Wafer,
n-type, Phosphorous Doped
semiconductors0.0000005 - 0.0000166676,000,000 - 200,000,0000.00
MarkeTech Silicon Single Crystal Semiconductor Wafer,
p-type, Dopant: NDT,
semiconductors0.0000005 - 0.000025,000,000 - 200,000,0000.00
S-Glass Fibersemiconductors0.00000000000000110590,500,000,000,000,0000.00
Silizium 300K, p-type, Boron doped, technical utility rangesemiconductors0.000001 - 0.01258,000 - 100,000,0000.00
Silizium 300K, n-type, Phosporous doped, technical utility rangesemiconductors0.000001 - 0.0254,000 - 100,000,0000.00
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, p-type, 10^15/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.000004124624,244,620.170.00
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, p-type, 10^16/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0000478632,089,296.130.00
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, p-type, 10^17/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0003946253,,23.070.00
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, p-type, 10^18/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.003162331,622.780.01
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, p-type, 10^19/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.01367,334.740.02
Silicium, Si, p-type, 10^15/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.00000701714,251,026.700.00
Silicium, Si, p-type, 10^16/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0000724441,380,384.270.00
Silicium, Si, p-type, 10^17/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.00036115276,890.270.00
Silicium, Si, p-type, 10^18/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.001627661,441.460.00
Silicium, Si, p-type, 10^19/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.010010,000.000.02
Germanium, Ge, p-type, 10^15/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0000275423,630,780.550.00
Germanium, Ge, p-type, 10^16/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0,0002649377,505.320.00
Germanium, Ge, p-type, 10^17/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.001858853,798.380.00
Germanium, Ge, p-type, 10^18/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.010010,000.000.02
Germanium, Ge, p-type, 10^19/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.04312,319.450.07
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, n-type, 10^15/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0000831761,202,264.440.00
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, n-type, 10^16/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.00061442162,756.540.00
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, n-type, 10^17/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.005379818,587.920.01
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, n-type, 10^18/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.04502,218.980.08
Gallium Arsenide, GaAs, n-type, 10^19/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.2769361.150.48
Silicium, Si, n-type, 10^15/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0000218784,570,881.900.00
Silicium, Si, n-type, 10^16/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.00017783562,341.330.00
Silicium, Si, n-type, 10^17/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.001142187,560.390.00
Silicium, Si, n-type, 10^18/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.00394625,342.310.01
Silicium, Si, n-type, 10^19/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.01636,144.150.03
Germanium, Ge, n-type, 10^15/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0000660691,513,561.250.00
Germanium, Ge, n-type, 10^16/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.00050119199,526.230.00
Germanium, Ge, n-type, 10^17/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0026338,018.940.00
Germanium, Ge, n-type, 10^18/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.01586,309.570.03
Germanium, Ge, n-type, 10^19/cm^3 concentrationsemiconductors0.0000000691831,445,439,771.000.00
Mateck Zinc Sulphide, ZnSsemiconductors0.0000000000000001 - 0.0000000000011.00E+14 - 1.00E+180.00
Mateck Zinc Selenide, ZnSesemiconductors0.0000000000000001 - 0.00250,000.00 - 1,000,000,000,000,000,0000.00
Mateck Zinc Telluride, ZnTesemiconductors0.00000000011,000,000,000,0000.00
Zinc Germanium Phosphide, ZnGeP2semiconductors0.0000000000277783,600,000,000,0000.00
Zinc Silicon Phosphide, ZnSiP2semiconductors0.0000000000555561,800,000,000,0000.00
Silver pasteprinting paste3.3333 - 10.0010.00 - 30.000.00
Platinum pasteprinting paste9.434010.6016.27
Copper pasteprinting paste1.6667 - 5.882417.00 - 60.000.00
SiSiC, Silicium Carbidesemidonductors0.00000011,000,000,0000.00
Gallium Arsenide, GaAssemiconductors0.0000000000110,000,000,000,0000.00
ITO, Indium tin oxideTransparent conductive
materials
0.8772114.001.51
In2O3, Indium(III) oxideTransparent conductive
materials
1.0000100.001.72
SnO2, Tin oxideTransparent conductive
materials
0.2500400.000.43
ZnO, Zinc oxideTransparent conductive
materials
0.8333120.001.44
ZnO:Al, Aluminium dopedTransparent conductive
materials
0.07691,300.000.13
CdSnO2, Cadmium-tin oxideTransparent conductive
materials
0.7692130.001.33
Cdo:In, Cadmium oxide, Indium dopedTransparent conductive
materials
1.666760.002.87
Zno and ZnMg2O, Aluminium doped,
deposition with magnetron sputtering
Transparent conductive
materials
0.10001,000.000.17
ZnO:Al, Zinc Oxide,Aluminium doped,
Aqueous solution deposition
Transparent conductive
materials
0.02005,000.000.03
ZnO:Al, Zinc Oxide, Aluminium doped, pulsed laser depositionTransparent conductive
materials
1.171085.402.02
ZnO:In, Zinc Oxide, Indium doped, sputtering depositionTransparent conductive
materials
0.0003333300,000.000.00
ZnO:Al, Zinc Oxide, Aluminium doped,
Sol-gel
Transparent conductive
materials
0.005154619,400.000.01
ZnO:Al, Zinc Oxide, Aluminium doped,
Chemical spray
Transparent conductive
materials
0.005618,000.000.01
ZnO:Al, Zinc Oxide, Aluminium doped,
magnetic sputtering and post annealing
Transparent conductive
materials
0.1142876.000.20
ZnO:Al, Zinc Oxide, Aluminium doped,
Magnetron co-Sputtering and post annealing
Transparent conductive
materials
0.1205830.000.21
ZnO:Al, Zinc Oxide, Aluminium doped,
Microwave assisted sol-gel synthesis
Transparent conductive
materials
0.00425523,500.000.01
ZnO:Si, Zinc Oxide, Silicium doped,
Aerosol assisted Chemical vapor deposition
Transparent conductive
materials
0.005020,000.000.01
ZnO:Al+Ga, High-throughput continuous
hydrotermal flow synthesis, pellets
Transparent conductive
materials
0.01119,000.000.02
ZnO:Al+Ga, Aerosol asisted Chemical transport,
pellets
Transparent conductive
materials
0.1786560.000.31
PEDOT:PPS (AL 4083)Transparent conductive
materials
0.00000002 - 0.0000002500,000,000 - 5,000,000,0000.00
PEDOT:PPS (PH100)Transparent conductive
materials
0.08331,200.000.14
PEDOT:PPS (HTL Solar 3)Transparent conductive
materials
0.00001 - 0.00011,000,000 - 10,000,0000.00
PEDOT:PPS (HTL Solar 3)Transparent conductive
materials
0,00000002 - 0.000025,000,000 - 500,000,0000.00
FTO, Fluorine doped Tin Oxide, 1%Transparent conductive
materials
0.0002747364,100.000.00
FTO, Fluorine doped Tin Oxide 3%Transparent conductive
materials
0.001100,000.000.00
FTO, Fluorine doped Tin Oxide, 5%Transparent conductive
materials
0.0152676,550.000.03
FTO, Fluorine doped Tin Oxide 7%Transparent conductive
materials
0.0007246138,000.000.00